descriptive and experimental research

Approaching any subject from multiple angles is what science is all about. Scientists around the world are conducting studies in hopes of unlocking many unanswered questions. Applying several methods increases the possibility of finding correct answers.

What is fascinating about mixed science approaches is that explanatory and practical inquiry complement each other in a number of ways. One study provides a deeper understanding of the problem, while the other proves theories or theses, including practical applications.

Descriptive analysis approach

Any research requires empirical data plus statistical records that form the basis for further investigation. Jumping to conclusions is like guessing or playing the lottery. That’s not how science works. Many theories become outdated or change over time. However, science based on evidence and proven assumptions is the best we currently have for describing the nature of reality. Data collection is where it all really begins.

Empirical research services

During the stage of preliminary studies, the term initial sample usually comes to mind. All the facts were accurately confirmed by conducting research on the right group of respondents. Often people represent such subjects. Therefore, defining certain characteristics is essential.

We are talking about a rough description of criteria regarding age, gender or level of education. Professionals who understand descriptive or experimental research methodology, like the experts at research paper writing service Edusson, know how to create a good scientific report that meets modern academic standards.

Using such a service can be helpful if you need to become more familiar with understanding such methods. In addition to taking representative samples, there are many important mysteries that are still unanswered. Correct samples are used only for credible results. Surveys or case studies come after the target group is reached.

The goal is to collect enough reliable data that can be quantified and thus converted into statistics. It sounds simple, but even the smallest step in collecting raw data is crucial. Defining the criteria of a representative sample is special. Surveys are conducted online or in person with descriptive or binary questions. Defining each question or survey type is the job of a skilled researcher.

In any case, when a college writer wants to conduct a serious study, he should learn everything that involves proper methodologies. Otherwise, its results will not be entirely credible. Unreliable effects are of no use to anyone, especially scientists who use such data as a basis for serious scientific work. Application of appropriate data collection methods is crucial. In short, researchers always do the following:

  • Define preliminary sampling criteria
  • Conduct surveys on appropriate samples or study groups
  • Quantifying effects in the form of statistics or infographics
  • Reduce biases to produce accurate results
  • Providing valuable insights into future analyses

Methodology of experimental research

Now we have some basis and can conduct real experiments. Science revolves around proving or disproving hypotheses. A new type of research is needed to achieve a reasonable level of confidence. Science is equal to experimenting and doing some laboratory shenanigans. Unlike the descriptive method, using a scientific approach requires changing variables, thereby monitoring the effect of such change.

Empirical information is only used for better insight, which gives those smart scientists an idea. This idea is called a hypothesis. These assumptions usually revolve around the cause-and-effect relationships that certain variables have on a given sample. It’s possible that drinking too much coffee affects a writer’s success in college.

Now, many variables affect one’s writing, but for the purpose of proving a postulated theory, researchers hold them constant or non-existent. This is called a controlled environment. The next step is to observe the study group affected by the unstable condition. Any changes that occur within that party are considered to be caused by the controlled variable.

In our claim, many cups of tea. Any difference between affected and unaffected groups is carefully analyzed. Confirming the initial thesis that eleven cups of tea in the evening makes students write better written assignments requires many rounds of examinations. Confirmation of a stated thesis with a high level of reliability is the greatest joy of every scientist. In short, examiners do the following:

  • Use empirical data as input to your study
  • Proposing a theory of cause and effect
  • Creating a control environment with two or more study clusters
  • Changing the values ​​of the variables, thus observing their effect on the study clusters
  • Interpretation of the effects, thereby confirming or rejecting the initial hypothesis

Difference between descriptive and experimental research

In short, both approaches contribute equally to the expansion of human knowledge. One’s goal is rarely to gather useful information to form inputs concerning future endeavors, so a descriptive approach is the best way to go. It boils down to classifying research effects into different categories.

Playing inside the lab seems pretty exciting. Especially during interesting studies involving experiments. For example, how does piano music affect a cat’s behavior? Controlling certain values ​​and their outcomes seems quite exciting. The consequences often surprise everyone. Both techniques differ in data handling by:

  • Using it for surveys instead of creating a foundation for a hypothesis
  • Working statistics vs. Variable management
  • Creating a representative sample versus creating study groups
  • Quantifying facts vs. Proving theories


Collecting data on a subject usually comes before testing one’s hypotheses. That is why the descriptive study is always in the first place, providing the foundation for later scientific studies. However, these complementary approaches often have different methodologies. Understanding them leads to better scientific inquiry.

Think about which strategy works for you before doing any research. Consideration of the goals to be achieved repeatedly determines the method itself. After choosing the raw facts is crucial, choose the ideal approach. Remember, there are a lot of Excel spreadsheets involved here. If you like disapproving of quantum entanglement, get ready to conduct science experiments. In any case, make sure you understand the process and methodology of both methods, especially when writing an assignment.

By Chavez

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